VoiceOver is a “natural-sounding” screen reader built into many Apple products that also provides Braille support.
Here is a tutorial for accessing and using VoiceOver on Apple computers.
And here is a guide for accessing VoiceOver on iPhones, iPads and the iPod Touch.
Anne Gibson offers this poignant reminder that many people have some disability or reduced capacity – something to mind when composing a website, app, text message, email or chatting, etc.: An Alphabet of Accessibility Issues.
In print the designer is king or queen. The user should be dominant in the web, however, John Allsopp implies in A Dao of Web Design. This is concordant with the tension between pixel perfection versus adaptability noted in Steven Champeon and Nick Finck’s Inclusive Web Design for the Future.
I return to quote Allsopp again, this time extensively (also from A Dao of Web Design ):
Perhaps the inability to “control” a page is a limitation, a bug of the web. When we come from the WYSIWYG [What You See Is What You Get] world, our initial instinct is to think so. I admit that it was my first response, and a belief that was a long time in going. But I no longer feel that it is a limitation, I see it as a strength of a new medium.
Let’s look at this through the other end of the microscope. The fact we can control a paper page is really a limitation of that medium. You can think – we can fix the size of text – or you can think – the size of text is unalterable. You can think – the dimensions of a page can be controlled – or – the dimensions of a page can’t be altered. These are simply facts of the medium.
And Allsopp’s remark elsewhere in the same article that accessibility is adaptability (and we should not be limited to thinking that people with conventional disabilities are the only ones with access problems) crystallizes as he continues from above:
And they aren’t necessarily good facts, especially for the reader. If the reader’s eye sight isn’t that of a well sighted person, chances are the choice the designer made is too small to comfortably read without some kind of magnification. If the reader is in a confined space, a train to work, an airplane, the broadsheet newspaper is too large. And there is little the reader can do about this.
The control which designers know in the print medium, and often desire in the web medium, is simply a function of the limitation of the printed page. We should embrace the fact that the web doesn’t have the same constraints, and design for this flexibility. But first, we must “accept the ebb and flow of things”.